Monday, February 17, 2014

Natural Migrations | 2/17/2014

Tour Company Owners Move to Aiken

By Pam Gleason

Like so many horse people who come to Aiken, Paul and Caroline Swart are thrilled to have found such a horse-loving and welcoming community. The couple, originally from South Africa, first heard about Aiken when they saw an advertisement for the equestrian community, Three Runs Plantation, in a national horse magazine many years ago. They were living in Bend, Oregon at the time. They had horses that they boarded, and they thought living in an equestrian community sounded very attractive. A few years ago, they decided that they had survived enough Northwest winters to last a lifetime, and they were ready to make a move.

"We're from Africa," says Paul. "So we always wanted to live where it was warmer and first looked in California, but it was too expensive. Then we thought about Aiken and about Three Runs. There was nowhere out there quite like it, where you can buy in a horse development and be surrounded by other horse people."

The Swarts at home in Three Runs Plantation
So the next time Paul was on a business trip to the East Coast, he scheduled an excursion to Aiken. While in town, he toured various equestrian developments and properties for sale, but in the end it was still Three Runs that spoke to him most convincingly.

"I drove around and I said to myself, this could work. We wanted something manageable, five to 10 acres, where you can ride with other people. I travel a lot, and I wanted Caroline not to have to ride on her own while I was gone."

"We came back together," says Caroline. "Paul had already picked out this lot, based on an oak tree on the property."

"It was the biggest oak in the development," continues Paul. "We love trees."

The Swarts bought the lot and contracted Cooper Home and Stable, a local builder, to build them a barn and attached apartment, all designed around the stately oak that they admired. It happened very quickly. By last October, their new place was ready for them. They sold their house in Oregon (the sale happened the day before they left), packed their two horses, two dogs and four cats into their horse trailer with living quarters, and made the trek across the country. Today, they are settled in Three Runs with their menagerie. Caroline has a Friesian horse named Zanzibar and is dressage enthusiast. Paul has a South American warmblood, Eros, and is looking forward to competing in eventing.

Paul and Caroline make up a growing demographic of international horse people who now call Aiken home. The international flavor they bring to the area is intensified by the fact that they are professionals in the tourism industry, operating their own company, Natural Migrations, form their new home base.

Natural Migrations specializes in photographic and horse safaris to southern eastern Africa. Paul is a former professional wildlife guide, while Caroline worked in lodges in the African tour industry. They came to the United States about 15 years ago when Paul was hired by a Houston-based tour company to do marketing and sales. Then, eight years ago, they decided to strike out on their own and formed their own company. The Swarts work closely with tour operators in Africa, notably with Wilderness Safaris, one of the foremost ecotourism companies on the continent. It is important to them that their company support conservation, wildlife and the African people, all while affording travelers an experience of a lifetime.

"Tourism will be the savior of wildlife in Africa, I have no doubt," says Paul. "What we do is based in the ecotourism model. The local communities near wilderness areas previously saw the wildlife as food, and there were terrible problems with poaching. But now, companies like Wilderness Safaris have educated people that if you protect the wildlife, it's there forever. People will come to see it; you will get jobs; you will get an income. The attitude is changing."

Wilderness Safaris, which was founded in Botswana in 1983, has two main conservation arms in addition to its safari company. One of these the Wilderness Safari Trust, has been involved in such things as reintroducing endangered rhinoceros herds into the Okvango Delta is Botswana. (The Swarts donated a vehicle to this project so that the rhinos can be monitored in the wild.) Another initiative is Children in the Wilderness, a program that provides local children in rural Africa with educational and training opportunities in the tourism industry.

"Fifteen years ago, safari companies came in and made all the money for themselves and the local communities saw no benefit," says Paul. "Now, the companies pay a few to the community where they operate their camps and concession fees go to schools and other services. It's a system that has worked well. The focus has really changed for travelers, too: people want to feel good about going to Africa and contributing as well. Our company is concerned about conservation and about the communities where we operate. We want to support companies that take care of the land and the people.

"We custom design safaris," he continues. "People give us their interests and their budget and we put it all together for them. There are different kinds of trips - everything is designed around what people want."

Horse camping "under canvas" in Africa
Horse safaris are more popular with Europeans than with Americans, but people from any country who try horse safaris say there is nothing like them. On a typical riding safari, travelers will stay in camps ("under canvas") out in the wilderness, either making day trips from a base camp, or traveling from one area to the next. The tents can be quite luxurious and the food is good. But the main attraction is the chance to be so close to the wildlife. There will typically be two rides a day, each taking the guests to see something different.

"It's thrilling," says Caroline. "You are riding with the big game. You can be riding with elephants, giraffe, zebra, and canter along with them."

You might encounter elephants (Paul says the big bulls are okay, but you should steer clear of breeding herds with babies), and even leopards and lions. Most of the time, these predators will run away when they see you, but Paul says that if you do encounter a lion on horseback, it would be a mistake and you would turn and go the other way. The horses don't like the lions, and become quite nervous when they smell them. The lions might like the horses a bit too much.

There is, of course, some danger in all of this, but Paul says that the outfits that they choose have excellent safety records, which is one reason that they do not offer any bargain-basement horseback riding tours.

"Some of the more affordable trips are ones you don't want to go on," he says. "We care about how they look after the horses, and we make sure they have a good safety record." A couple of times a year, Paul or Caroline will take one of their own tours to ensure that everything is up to snuff.

What kind of person would be suited to a horseback safari?

"You do have to be a good rider," says Paul. "And they will evaluate your riding when you get there to make sure that you will be safe. You need to be relatively fit, because you go out on four-hour rides. And you need to enjoy wildlife."

Thrills: on a horseback safari, you can get very close to the wildlife
Paul and Caroline say that they have never marketed their company aggressively and most of their business comes to them by word of mouth.

"I have yet to meet the person that comes back and says 'we had a lousy time'," says Paul. "Everybody just loves what we do."

Although they have been in Aiken for just a few months, they say that they already have a number of local people who are interested in making a trip with their company. Because many of their safaris are to places where the number of tourists is limited (another nod to conservation), prudent travelers are planning these trips early.

"We are already selling 2016," says Paul, remarking that the North American market is growing. "People should know that this kind of trip is available. For most of our clients, if it is the first time they go, they are totally in awe of being in Africa. When they go a second or third time, they might want a trip that is a little more tailored to their own interests. That's one of the advantages that we offer, that we can tailor a trip and custom design one for you. It's a fantastic thing to do - it can be an experience of a lifetime."

This article is copyrighted and first appeared in The Aiken Horse. It is reprinted here by permission.

Saturday, February 15, 2014

Ask the Judge | 2/15/2014

Questions About Dressage

With Amy McElroy

Amy McElroy is a USEF R judge, qualified to officiate at any USEF recognized show at all national dressage levels. She rides, trains and teaches at Fairlane Farm in Aiken and judges about a dozen dressage shows and events each year. In her popular Ask the Judge column, she answers readers' questions about dressage.

Dear Amy,

I was thinking it would be a lot of fun to do a musical freestyle. I am just a First Level rider. Is there a freestyle test I can do at my level? What are the requirements, and how are freestyles judged?

                                                                                       -Music Lover

Dear Music Lover,

Everyone likes musical freestyles: riders, spectators, judges, even horses. At your level, you could choose to do a Training Level freestyle (new since 2012) or a First Level freestyle, if you have met the requirements. In order to be eligible to do a First Level freestyle, you must have earned a minimum 60% score in First Level Test 3 at a USDF recognized show.

Assuming you are eligible, let's look at the USDF First Level freestyle test. The test sheet has a "technical execution" side and an "artistic impression" side. The same judge will evaluate both sides of the test.

Scoring of the technical side:

The freestyle has a possible 150 technical points. These movements are required:
  1. Free walk: 20 meters minimum of continuous walking.
  2. Medium walk: 20 meters minimum of continuous walking
  3. 8- to 10-meter trot circle, shown at least once in each direction.
  4. Leg yielding in the trot to the left and to the right. This movement has a coefficient of two, meaning that the point are doubled.
  5. Lengthen the stride at the trot. There is no minimum number of steps, but the lengthening must be clearly shown. This can be done sitting or rising.
  6. 10- to 15-meter canter circle to the left and to the right.
  7. Change of lead through the trot shown in both directions. This movement has a coefficient of two.
  8. Lengthen the stride at the canter. There is no minimum number of steps, but the lengthening must be clearly shown. This movement has a coefficient of two.
  9. Halts at the beginning and end of the test.
The technical side also includes scores for gaits (rhythm and quality), impulsion (energy, elasticity and engagement) and submission: "basic issues of submission and technical aspect of the rider." (From the USDF musical freestyle test sheer.)

The technical execution may be scored in half points or full points. The movements are judged as they would be in any First Level test. Each time you do a specific movement, the judge will give you a score for that movement. If you do the same movement more than once (six leg yields, for instance) all your numbers for the leg yields will be averaged and turned into one score. If you do not execute a compulsory movement, you will receive a zero for that movement, so be sure your routine includes everything that is required.

Scoring the Artistic Impression side:

The artistic impression side also has 150 possible points. You will be scored on the following:
  1. Harmony between horse and rider. This has a coefficient of three.
  2. Choreography: The use of arena, design, cohesiveness, balance and creativity. This has a coefficient of four.
  3. Degree of difficulty. This has a coefficient of two.
  4. Music: Suitability, seamlessness, and cohesiveness. This has a coefficient of three.
  5. Interpretation: The music expresses the gaits; use of phrasing and dynamics. This has a coefficient of three.
The artistic and the technical points are added together to give you your final score. The maximum possible score is 300.

Important Information:

  1. There is a maximum time limit of five minutes, but no minimum time. If you exceed the time limit, one point will be deducted from the artistic side.
  2. Riders must enter the arena or signal the sound engineer within 45 seconds of the bell. Riders must enter the arena within 20 seconds of the start of the music, or they may be eliminated.
  3. Entry halts and salutes must face C.
  4. All figures, regardless of size, patterns, combinations or transitions are permitted, even if configurations are found in higher level tests. For instance, you can do canter serpentines, simple changes of lead, walk-canter transitions, canter-walk transitions, or a counter canter. (All of these figures are from Second Level.)
  5. However, movements above the level at which you are testing are illegal and are penalized by a four-point deduction from the technical execution side from each illegal movement. For instance, if you do a flying change, which is first seen at Third Level, you will be penalized by four points.
Other higher level movements that are clearly forbidden include the rein back, the shoulder in, the travers, the renvers, the half pass, the turn on the haunches, the pirouette (in walk or canter), the piaffe and the passafe.

Tips for success:

  1. Use music that matches your horse and has a lively bear, music that many people will enjoy - a catchy tune, or something familiar. Your music (which has coefficient of three) is an important part of the performance and should not seem like background music. Preferably, it should have very little vocals. Be creative: Each gait could be represented by a different tune, for instance. Man people use medleys, which are usually best if all the songs are from the same genre - songs from Broadway shows or a medley of television show theme songs, for instance.
  2. Try not to be too "test-like" in your presentation. It is better not to copy patterns from a published test, and it is more fun to create your own patterns, using all of the arena. Show off your horse's highlights, those things that come easily to you and your horse as a team.
  3. Your freestyle should be at least as difficult as First Level Test Three, and greater difficulty will enhance the ride. However, be certain you can perform your test easily - don't make it so difficult that you are not certain that you can do it smoothly and reliably.
  4. Make several copies of your music. Make sure you test your music at the show before you ride. (The show will let you know when you can try out your music in their equipment.)
Keeping these things in  mind, you should have a good experience. So start selecting music and creating a routine to show off all of your horse's best moves. Then, have fun in your First Level musical freestyle!

This article is copyrighted and first appeared in The Aiken Horse. It is reprinted here by permission.