Sunday, April 22, 2012

Questions About Dressage | Ask the Judge | 4/22/2012

Questions about Dressage

With Amy McElroy
Amy McElroy is a USEF R judge, qualified to officiate at any USEF recognized show at all national dressage levels. She rides, trains and teaches at Fairlane Farm in Aiken and judges about a dozen dressage shows and events each year. In her popular Ask the Judge column, she answers readers' questions about dressage.
Dear Amy,

I recently competed in a test that required a rein back (This was the first time I performed this movement in a test.) I assumed this was just going backwards! From my score (a 5!) and the comment “not diagonal pairs” I guess there is more to it. Could you please explain how you score a rein back?
                                                                                                                 -Backward Confusion

Dear Backward Confusion,

Congratulations on moving up to the USDF Second Level, which is the first time the rein back is introduced. You will see the rein back in tests from Second Level through the Grand Prix. The difficulty of this movement increases with each successive level. For instance, the number of steps increases and the type of transition in or out of the rein back becomes more challenging.
The rein back demonstrates your horse’s degree of obedience and submission, as well as its “throughness.” The transitions in and out of the rein back also help to increase the collection that is required in Second Level tests and above.
Lets’s look at the USEF 2012 rulebook definition of the rein back.
  1. Rein back is a rearward diagonal movement with a two beat rhythm, but without a moment of suspension. Each diagonal pair of legs is raised and returned to the ground actively, with the forelegs aligned on the same track as the hind legs.
  2. During the entire exercise, the horse should remain “on the bit,” maintaining its desire to move forward.
  3. Anticipation or precipitation of the movement, resistance to, or evasion of the contact, deviation of the hindquarters from the straight line, spreading or inactive hind legs and dragging forefeet are serious faults.
  4. The steps are counted as each foreleg moves back. After completing the required number of steps backward, the horse moves forward in the required gait immediately.
Keeping all these rules in mind, there is a lot of preparation and practice that goes into performing a high-scoring rein back. Here are some common faults and some tips for getting the best possible score.
Common Faults

  1. The horse resists going backwards.
  2. The horse gets too crooked.
  3. The horse takes way too many, or barely enough steps.
  4. The horse displays too much tension or anticipation.
  5. The horse comes off the bit or becomes too fussy with the mouth.
  6. There are not clear quality transitions in or out of the rein back and the horse is not immobile before backing.
  7. The horse does not back in diagonal pairs.
  8. The rein back is inaccurately placed (not at the letter where it is supposed to start.)

 Some tips for a good rein back:
  1. Concentrate on a quality transition in and out of the movement.
  2. Stand immobile for three to four seconds before asking for the rein back.
  3. Prepare to take the correct number of steps at the required letter with straightness. Count to yourself as each foreleg steps back.
  4. Stay soft and quiet with your hands so your horse is willing to accept your aids.
  5. In the last rein back step, immediately go forward into the next required gait. Do not make a second halt.
  6. Strive for large, rhythmic steps.
  7. Maintain relaxation and suppleness without losing connection to the bit.
Possible Scores
8 and above: A rein back that earns this score will display: Precision: The halt is exact and square, and the rein back is fluent and has the correct number of steps. There are clear transitions with no resistance. Rhythm: the movement is even, regular and displays clear diagonal steps. Suppleness: the horse is elastic through the whole movement. Contact: the horse is light and steady on the bit with the poll the highest point. Impulsion: the horse takes active steps, maintaining his desire to move forward. In each step, the legs are well raised, with the joints bent. Straightness: The front legs are clearly in line with the hind legs. Collection: The hind legs carry enough weight to show that the horse is in balance. Submissiveness: The horse has no resistances.

7: A rein back that earns a 7 is still a fairly good solid rein back, but it may have some of these attributes. The transition could have more clarity. The halt is almost square. The backward movement could be even more fluent. The horse might be slightly off the bit. The horse could bend his hind legs and joints even more that he is.

6: A rein back that earns a 6 is satisfactory. The horse is performing a rein back, but it might have some of these negatives. The transition might not be clear enough. The halt might not be square. There may be some small inaccuracy in the movement. The horse hesitates or seems reluctant, or the steps might be a little bit too hurried. The horse might have some tension, or not remain clearly on the bit. He might lose some activity or drag his feet slightly. He may get somewhat crooked.

5: A rein back that earns a 5 is marginal. The horse backs up, but he has some problems. For instance, the halt might be too abrupt and not square. There may be inaccurate placing of the movement, or too many or too few steps. There may be too much hesitation. The backward steps may not be diagonal. The horse might be tense, or drag his feet, or get too hurried or too lazy. The horse has some resistance to the aids.

4 and below: Insufficient. The number of steps are far too many or too few, or the horse does not even back up at all. The gait is not diagonal and the steps are too hurried or too tense. The movement is very crooked. The feet drag. There is too much mouth and head fussiness. There is strong resistance to the aids, or other bad behavior and disobediences.

This article is copyrighted and first appeared in The Aiken Horse. It is reprinted here by permission.

Thursday, April 12, 2012

Under the Pines | 4/12/2012

Enjoying the Horse Show

By Pam Gleason

Historically, the Aiken Horse Show in the Woods has been the culmination of the Aiken winter equestrian season. It was started in 1916 by Louise Hitchcock, who conceived of it as a competition among the members of the old Winter Colony, as well as a place to showcase the many beautiful horses in town. The first show, which had 17 classes, was held on March 16, a beautiful but windy day.

“Seemingly a majority of the Aiken tourists, many visiting from neighboring resorts, and many natives attended. One of the finest displays of horseflesh that could be put forth in a Southern resort paraded their virtues,” reported the Aiken Journal and Constitution. The article went on to say “by the success of this Saturday’s show, it is practically assured that this will become an annual institution.”
Aiken’s newspaper was right. The Aiken Horse Show soon became a fixture on the calendar, and the class list and number of entries grew. Although the show was always highly competitive, it also had a certain informality about it. Harry Worcester Smith, writing in Life and Sport in Aiken, (Derrydale Press, 1935) explained it this way:
“The arrangement of the Show is as simple as possible. The ring with its Hitchcock jumps, the judges, but there are no entry blanks or entry fees. Those desiring to start their horses make post entries to the announcers at the gate and there are sometimes thirty or forty crack horses waiting outside the ring, with their riders eagerly watching how this or that contestant goes over the course, and wondering when they can have their chance.”
In the 1920s, the show expanded to two and then three days. Children’s classes were an important part of the show, including a leadline class for the smallest children, which gave ribbons to every competitor. Once the children graduated to riding by themselves, according to an article written by Mrs. Hitchcock in 1928 in The Sportswoman, they had to “begin to learn to be good losers.” The 17 and under class was another of Mrs. Hitchcock’s favorites. “There is no place in the world . . . where from the ages of two to eighteen, such a number of coming horsemen of both sexes can be found,” she explained. The 17 and under class featured children from the age of 11 to 17 riding hunters. These were generally not the horses these children usually rode. Rather, they were horses belonging to adult members of the Winter Colony, who allowed the children to ride them for the class.
 “When this class was first started about five years ago, I was obliged to go around begging and persuading owners of hunters to let me have them for the children to ride, and of course I only wanted the very best,” continued Mrs. Hitchcock. “Now that everyone sees how well the horses go for these young people, there is no trouble in getting them mounts.”
The horse show continued to expand in the 1930s, with as many as 350 horses showing over the weekend. When World War II came, although the show got smaller again, the tradition continued. For instance, in 1942, there were just 16 classes, more than half of them for children. In 1944, at the height of the war, there was just one class for adults, the open hunter class, with seven classes for children.
At the war’s end, Aiken once again became a haven for horsemen, and the Aiken Horse Show regained its prominence. By 1950, the show was part of “Sports Week,” a week of festivities that also included the Aiken Trials races, polo matches, drag hunts, golf games, and a sports day at Aiken Prep. The events were prominent enough to attract the attention of the national press. For instance, in 1950, Life Magazine featured a photo of a teenaged Aileen Wood on the cover, dressed in her horse show clothing. Inside the magazine, there was an illustrated article about the events. “Big Week at Aiken: Horses and the Horsy Society Wind up Winter Season.” Photos that accompanied the article included pictures of horses being judged in hand, as well as a great shot of Pete and Dolly Bostwick jumping together in the pairs class.

The horse show thrived into the 1960s. In 1964, Mayor Odell Weeks signed a proclamation, declaring the week of April 12-18 as Aiken Pairs class then . . . . . . .pairs class now. Horse Show Week. Part of that proclamation stated that “The Aiken Charity Horse Show is the largest single event in the City of Aiken.” It was praised for bringing tourists to the city, as well as for solidifying Aiken’s reputation as the “Horse Capital of the South.”
 Although the tradition continued through the 1970s and into the 1980s, the horse show was definitely on the wane. Times were changing in Aiken, and the old Winter Colony society that had supported the show was not what it used to be. Even the Hitchcock Woods was changing. The Woods, then as now, received the storm water overflow from the city. With the city’s expansion and without adequate systems in place, Sand River sometimes overflowed, flooding the horse show ring. One year, the show had to be postponed for week. Another year, classes had to be moved to Winthrop Polo Field. Contemporary newspaper articles lamented what appeared to be the inevitable disappearance of the woods, and the show along with it. “If the woods are lost, with them will go one of the oldest traditions in the county, the 75-year-old Aiken Horse Show, as well as one of the largest public recreation areas of its kind.” (Emily Hindman in the Aiken Standard, March 6, 1973.)
From the mid-1980s until the early 1990s, the Aiken Horse Show went on hiatus. It was brought back through the efforts of many dedicated horse people, especially Kiki Blalock, Sandy Cassatt and Gail King, who is one of the directors of the Aiken Horse show today, and is a trustee and former chairman of the Hitchcock Woods Foundation. The show grew slowly, but steadily, and in 2012, is once again an important annual tradition that brings Aiken’s equestrian community together at the beautiful little show ring under the pines. In these years, too, the Hitchcock Woods Foundation has worked tirelessly, and with the support of the equestrian community, to preserve the Woods and ensure that it, along with the tradition of the horse show, will endure for many years to come.

The Particulars

Schedule: The Aiken Horse Show runs from Friday, March 30, through Sunday April 1. Classes begin at 9 a.m. each morning. The weekend of the Aiken Horse Show is the only time that you can drive cars into the Woods. For questions about the progress of the schedule, competitors may call Jenne Stoker (803.270.7331) or Linda Knox McLean (803-646-7111.)
Friday: classes include open and amateur hunters, as well as gentlemen’s hunter hack. Saturday: The morning classes are for children. There is a sidesaddle division in the middle of the day, including an over fences class. Popular afternoon classes include the family class, the costume class for children, junior classes and pleasure classes. Sunday: The morning is devoted to the foxhunter division, which is the most prestigious of the show. This is followed by the junior foxhunter division. Watching the Show: There are many ways to watch the horse show. The most relaxing way is to reserve a table in the ringside Hitchcock tent, where you will be able to watch the show, enjoy a catered gourmet lunch, and support the Hitchcock Woods Foundation, which receives proceeds from the show. There are three packages available. Longleaf Pines ($2,500) gets you a table for eight in the Hitchcock Tent, with a hunt breakfast on Saturday and lunch on Sunday. Loblolly Pines ($1,250) is a table for eight in the tent with a meal, either on Saturday or on Sunday. Southern Magnolias ($625) is a table for four with a meal on either Saturday or Sunday. These packages are particularly good for people who might have out-of-town guests that they want to introduce to the Aiken horse world.
If a place in the tent is out of the budget, there is no entry fee to get into the show, but there is a $10 general parking fee per vehicle. For those who would like their own ringside seat, there are also a limited number of parking spots along the rail, for $100 per day. perfect for competitors. Individual lunches are also available for $75 each. Competitors and spectators may elect to purchase lighter, more economical fare from the Dinner Bell mobile kitchen.
While at the show, everyone is invited to come to the tent to bid on items at the silent auction, organized every year by Jane Page Thompson. There are always a number of things that will interest those who love Aiken, including books, artwork and historic Aiken memorabilia.

The most impressive silent auction item is always the African safari, donated each year by Heidi Beaumont and her company International Ventures. This year, there is also a set of tickets on the third base line at the Red Sox versus New York Yankees game next September at Fenway Park in Boston. Jane Page is still in the process of assembling items for the auction, which gets better every year.
The Aiken Horse Show is more than just a tradition, it is also an important element in preserving the future of the Hitchcock Woods, one of Aiken’s most treasured resources. The show is the major fundraiser for the Hitchcock Woods Foundation, which is now winding down a capital campaign that began in 2006. This campaign involved a number of important initiatives, including the purchase of 10 acres of real estate to protect and preserve the natural character of the Coker Spring entrance to the woods.

Supporting the Woods

Over the past six years, the foundation has put in place a number of programs that will help maintain the natural beauty of the forest, keep the ecosystem healthy and provide habitat for endangered wildlife. The latest initiative is a partnership with the National Wild Turkey Federation to restore and preserve the long leaf pine forest. The NWTF has received a grant from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and will begin work this summer.

For more information or to become a Friend of the Woods, visit or call 803.642.0528

This article is copyrighted and first appeared in The Aiken Horse. It is reprinted here by permission.