Friday, July 6, 2012

Aiken Trials | 7/6/2012

Learning to Run

Story and Photography by Pam Gleason

For the past 70 years, the Aiken Trials have been an annual Aiken tradition. The trials themselves are a day of races held at Aiken’s downtown Training Track. The card traditionally includes sprints for untried 2-year-old horses that have never seen a crowd before, as well as separate, longer contests for older horses. The races generally mark the end of the winter training season, and often serve as the young horses’ last serious workouts before they leave to train and race at major racetracks around the country. Many top horses get their start training in Aiken, and the horses that race at the trials might one day go on to the most prestigious races in the country – the Triple Crown races or the Breeder’s Cup, for instance.
The Aiken Trials, which were held this year on March 17, are the first leg of the Aiken Triple Crown, which runs for three consecutive Saturdays and also includes the Aiken Steeplechase and the Pacers and Polo match to benefit the University of South Carolina Aiken. All three of the Triple Crown activities are as noteworthy for the atmosphere they provide spectators as they are for the events themselves. This year, as always, tailgaters lined the homestretch, some with simple picnics, but many with elaborate spreads, including quite a number with a St. Patrick’s Day theme. Some of the spectators were genuinely interested in the horses, hoping to catch a glimpse of a future Kentucky Derby winner in his first unofficial race. Others were more interested in the party. Although there is no sanctioned wagering at the Trials, pretty much every group had its own informal betting pool, and savvy handicappers knew which trainers and which jockeys were the most likely to come home with a win.
This year, there were six races at the Trials, three for untried 2-year-olds, two for 3-year-old maidens, and the City of Aiken Trophy for winners, 3-years-old and up. The three races for 2 years olds were quarter mile dashes from the starting gate at the top of the homestretch to the finish line in front of the viewing stand. The races for older horses were 4½ furlong contests that started in the backstretch. For the past three years the Trials have also included a 300-yard polo pony race from a standing start. Although this race has been a crowd favorite, it was not on the card this year due to the difficulty of finding enough entrants that are ready to run three weeks before the start of the polo season.
The first race was the Gaver Trophy for 2 year old maiden fillies. This race was a training race exclusively for horses trained by Tim Jones for Darley Stables, and it was won easily by Korat, a bay filly ridden by Kate Raines. The third trial, the Post Trophy for 2-year-old maiden colts, was also a Darley training race. This race went to Thane, a dark bay colt ridden by Corin Mason.
Competition was hotter in the second trial, the Coward Trophy for 2-year-old maiden fillies. This race had a card of five entries, including two horses from Dogwood Stable, which is a world-class, Aiken-based outfit and a perennial Trials favorite. The most memorable horse in the race was a tall bay filly with a star, owned by Carrie Frommer and Dr. and Mrs. Thomas Bowman. The filly, not yet named, was a nervous type to say the least. She was a handful in the paddock even before the riders arrived, and once her rider, Mikki Fincher, was hoisted up, she rarely seemed to have more than one foot on the ground at a time. But horse racing is a test of speed, not of manners. Once the filly broke from the gate and started down the straightaway, she didn’t need to touch the ground. She streaked past the other horses, beating them by several lengths.
After the fourth race, the starting gate was moved to the backstretch. The three longer races started out with a bit of drama. In the von Stade Trophy, Jessica Shultz, riding Gus Schickendanz’s Well Played, broke sharply and opened up a big lead going into the turn. It was a good thing she was so far ahead of the field, because the right stirrup came off her saddle, she lost her balance and fell. She was fortunate on two counts: first, she was unhurt, and second, she had plenty of time to get up and out of the way before the rest of the horses came barreling by. Well Played continued the race on his own, flying past the crowd so close to the outside rail the spectators could have touched him as he rocketed by. Although he crossed the wire first (and ran quite a bit more before he was finally caught) the official winner of the race was Man of the World, owned by Carolyn Vogel, trained by Wes Carter and ridden by Steve Tranium.
The next two races belonged to Gus Schickendanz and his connections. The Sally Cluff Memorial, also for maiden colts and geldings, 3 years old and up, gave Gus his first win of the day with the 3 year old gelding Woody G, trained by Mike Keogh and ridden by Salvador Torres, a Trials crowd favorite. Gus, Mike and Sal returned to the winner’s circle for the sixth and final race, the City of Aiken Trophy. This race is generally considered the most coveted prize of the day, and, even though it is not an official race and it has no purse, it often attracts experienced racehorses of considerable caliber. Trainers say they put their horses in the race as a tightener before sending them back to the raceway if they have had time off, or because they want to support the tradition of the Trials. But there are also bragging rights involved, a simple contest of “my horse is faster than yours.”
Six horses, all experienced campaigners, broke smoothly from the gate of the 4½ furlong race. Friscan, a chestnut gelding owned by Dunbarton Stable, trained by Cary Frommer and ridden by Mikki Fincher, powered to the lead and looked like he would run away with it all. But Salvador Torres, riding Mobil Unit, owned by Gus Schickendanz and Don Howard, had something left in the tank. He urged his horse forward in the homestretch and managed to catch Friscan just before the wire to win by a head.
The 70th running of the Aiken Trials was a success by any measure, showcasing the horses training in Aiken and giving the public a chance to see them before they make their first official starts. Most of the horses that ran on that day have shipped out by now, and many are getting ready for their first pari-mutuel contests. If any of the 2-year-olds that made their first public appearance at the 70th Trials make it to the big time, spectators will have some special memories to cherish.

This article is copyrighted and first appeared in The Aiken Horse. It is reprinted here by permission.

Thursday, July 5, 2012

What to do When Your Horse Won't | 7/5/2012

Change a "Won't to a Will"

By Kendra DeKay
A horse is so sensitive that he can feel a fly land on a single hair on his body. So when a horse refuses to obey a rider’s aids, it is never because he didn’t feel the request. It is generally for one of the following reasons:
  1. He doesn’t understand the request
  2. He understands, but he can’t respond because he is afraid
  3. He doesn’t think the request is high priority, and he’s got more important things to do
How the educated rider responds to a horse’s disobedience will depend on how she reads the horse’s behavior. If the horse doesn’t understand, the rider needs to explain the request more clearly. If the horse is afraid, he needs the rider to help him feel safe. And if he is blowing his rider off, he needs a greater incentive to pay attention and do as he is asked.

He Doesn't Understand

A rider is finishing up her third ride on her new horse. He has been calm and willing in the arena, and she decides to take him out on the trail. She brings him up to the gate to open it, but he refuses to line up with the gate and stand still for her to reach the latch. His ears are on her, listening as she tries to get him into position, but he keeps backing up and moving away from the gate.
Here’s where it’s important for the rider not to assume that the horse knows what she wants. It may seem obvious to a person, but maybe it is not so clear to the horse. His old owner may have dismounted to open gates, or perhaps used different aids to make him stand still. Breaking the task down into pieces and explaining it more clearly is the key. In this example, the pieces might be making sure the horse understands how to move his front end over, how to move his move his hind end over, and how to stand still parallel to the gate while the rider leans over and handles the gate latch. Practice each piece separately, and then put them back together. A clear understanding of the job will fix this type of “won’t.”

He is Afraid

The rider leaves the arena and heads into the woods. As the horse gets further from the barn, his walk quickens, his body tightens and his head comes up. Suddenly he stops, breathing hard. He seems fixated on a point up ahead. The rider nudges him forward with her legs, but the horse refuses to go. He stands stock still as if rooted to the ground.
When horses are afraid, they generally have one of two responses: they flee and ask questions later, or they freeze to assess the situation and then flee if they detect a threat. A “freezer” can be harder to read as afraid − often people think that the horse is just being stubborn. But a horse that becomes unresponsive when he’s anxious can be dangerous, because if he decides there is a threat, he might “unfreeze” and want to get away. Quickly.
Once the horse is at the point where he has shut down and refuses to go forward, the rider should gently “unstick” the horse’s feet by turning him, using just one rein. When the horse’s feet are moving, the rider can direct the horse’s motion in a small circle or figure 8 until the horse offers no resistance. This reminds the horse that the rider has a plan and will keep him safe, not shove him in the direction of his fears. Once the horse is softly accepting directions, offer him the choice of continuing down the trail. If the horse still balks, return to the pattern. Once the horse is confident enough to continue, try to turn back for home while he’s still feeling brave and willing. If he trusts his rider to keep him safe, he will be able to offer more and more each outing. Over several rides, his fear will subside and the “won’t” becomes a “will.”
The best thing to do is to notice early when your horse is getting worried. The rider in this example had some clues: her horse sped up, his body got tight, and his head carriage changed as they left the area where he felt safe. Stopping or turning back before the horse freezes, letting the horse relax in an area where he feels safe, and then heading out again will help to build the horse’s confidence in his environment and trust that his rider will not overface him.

He is Unmotivated

Horse and rider come to a field where other horses are being ridden. The rider wants to trot around but her horse has other plans. He wants to visit with the other horses. When she asks him to move up into a trot he ignores her leg and stays in the walk, looking at the other horses.

The horse that blows off his rider’s request thinks something else is a higher priority. The rider should not see this as rudeness, but instead as a challenge to be more engaging for him! To recapture the horse’s attention, pick a simple request that he knows, such as flexing him to the left. Start with the softest pressure possible, then gradually increase pressure until he responds. When he gives slightly, immediately release pressure. Then slowly start again. Stay with the same request until he is giving you an ear at the softest pressure, and responding consistently every time. Once you have that, you have his attention and you’ll need to do something interesting with it so you don’t lose it again. Transitions and changes of direction are a great way to keep a horse on his toes. Don’t forget to reward your horse with a rest when he starts to keep an ear on you and responds softly and consistently to your requests. You are rewarding him for keeping his mind on you just as much as for the
Once you understand the reason behind the “won’t”, one of the strategies described above can help you shape it into a “will.” Willingness is a habit, not a permanent condition. It can be lost; it can be developed. It should be practiced like a skill and rewarded like the gift that it is!






This article is copyrighted and first appeared in The Aiken Horse. It is reprinted here by permission.